Ralph Boteler – Military commander and Member of the King’s Household under both Henry V and Henry VI was made a Knight of the Garter and created Baron Sudeley by King Henry VI.
Boteler built Sudeley Castle on its present site using his spoils from the Hundred Years War with France. Building constructed on the double courtyard plan surrounded by a moat; the first courtyard containing quarters for servants and men at arms; state and family apartments in the second courtyard. The Chapel (now St Mary’s Church) and the Tithe Barn also built at this time.
Boteler appointed Treasurer of the Exchequer and High Treasurer of England.
Wars of the Roses – Edward IV of the House of York came to power and Boteler a Lancastrian supporter was forced to sell Sudeley Castle to the King.
Sudeley Castle was now Royal property. Edward IV granted it to his brother, Richard Duke of Gloucester who held the estate for nine years, using it as his base for the Battle of Tewkesbury.
Richard Duke of Gloucester exchanged Sudeley for Richmond Castle in Yorkshire, Sudeley remaining Royal property.
Richard acceded to the throne as Richard III and became the owner of Sudeley Castle for the second time. During his ownership the magnificent Banqueting Hall with its splendid oriel windows and adjoining State rooms, now in ruins, were built in place of the Eastern range of Boteler’s inner court as part of a Royal suite.
It was a pre-contract of marriage between Edward IV and Boteler’s widowed daughter-in-law Lady Eleanor Boteler (formally Lady Eleanor Talbot) which Richard III relied on to declare Edward IV’s marriage to Elizabeth Woodville bigamous and their children illegitimate.
Richard III defeated and killed in the Battle of Bosworth bringing to an end the Wars of the Roses and the House of York.
Henry VII, the new monarch granted Sudeley Castle to his uncle and staunch supporter, Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford, who held it until his death in 1495 when, as he left no children, it reverted to the Crown.